Learning Democracy from India – 2

Election commission enforces rule of Law to avoid Egypt, Libya …

Dr.E.M.Sudarsana Natchiappan.MP

Indian constitution is vibrant and growing every day in maintaining
the checks and balances . The institutions created by Constitution
are Parliament, Executive and Judiciary.They are occupied by persons
reflecting the people’s will. When any of the Institution exceeds it’s
limits the other signals the violations and remedy the infringement.
This is the greatness of the Constitution and the People of India .

Election commission:

Election commission is a constitutional body. It gets inspiration and
direction from the Legislation by Parliament. The constitution of the
Election commission is done as per the guidelines laid down by the
judiciary by the President of India on the advise of Executive
represented by the Prime Minister of India . State Election commission
are constituted by the Election Commission of India.

When the election process started the personnel are drawn from various
level of executive on ad-hoc basis and the enforcement of
Representative Peoples Act is done with the co operation and co
ordination of Executive.

Strange synchronisation of wings of Executive:

It is a matter of discussion on the working of the Election commission
while conducting the Election using the personnel from different wings
of executive. It is an wonder how the officials working under a
particular political Government run by the political party or
alliance parties to become unbiased and bipartisan for 90 days. There
were suggestions that in that period there should be spell of
Presidents rule to make it unbiased and bipartisan election.
Constitutionally States can be without cabinet but the Union
government can not be run with out cabinet. Here comes the strange
synchronisation of government officials worked under the political
masters by making the rule of law flexible for the past 5 years
suddenly under the Election commission acting as rigid law enforcer
can happen by better judgement of the State Election Commission.

Step by step approach by Election Commission :

First step the State Election Commission takes in every election is
identify the the grey area and the individual officials personal
loyalty to the Governing political party. Then ask the executive to
transfer the official who worked in the same place and in the same
post for more than three years or more.

Next step to warming up the machinery by transferring the highest
official which sends the shocking waves to subordinate officials to
be a employee as Constitution of India expects. This period also makes
the executive to be sensitive and vibrant. This approach makes the
executive to revitalise itself showing good governance meaning people
centric and independent .

When the system starts to work natural acceptance by the people and
stack holders will automatically strengthen the working of the
election commission as an organic structure . During the course of
election naturally there will be new grey areas which will be
identified. The Election Commission has developed itself to address
such eventualities by ordering or directing the concerned authorities
to take disciplinary proceedings effectively.

Further the Election commission trained the officials to take criminal
proceedings in relevant cases under Representative Peoples Act ,
Indian penal code and criminal procedure code or any relevant
provisions of law against erring political party, people or officials.

State specific actions:

Election commission is applying certain innovative practices for the
benefit of voters and better election management in the elections to
the five. State/ UT . These best practices were successfully
implemented by district election authorities in various elections held
recently .Commission has decide to apply innovative practices viz GIS
mapping in election management, on- line payment to polling staff,
security management and voters education and awareness creation in
different states during these elections.

In certain States, law and order is the main issue to be tackled. In
some other State terrorism and armed attack are being the problems
identified. Accordingly paramilitary forces are brought in to
withstand such attack and create confidence to the voters to come out
of their home and fearlessly vote and discharge the democratic duty to
elect his or her representative. Some States were highlighted that
the electioneering become “terrifying richness and festivity” which
can not be afforded by ordinary person as candidate or belonging to a
Party. It had developed in the course of some years into PPP (power
of ruling party ,power of muscle,and power of money and material .It
could overcome majority of voting as powerless. More so minority
voters can convert the election as majority votes and vice versa. This
is properly and scientifically nurtured and developed through co
operative election , Panchayat election , Assembly election ,
Parliament election ,and Chief Minister Election . It is nothing but
reflection of cancerous growth in Governance parallal to Egypt, Libya
and other Afro-Asian countries.

India is an advanced democracy in the world:

It is the largest country in the world having 730,887,511 voters
electing their own choice of government with lowest expenditure for a
country in comparison with the world data. 15 times the successful
change of government in 60 years had happened. More number of times
every State governments were elected for change according to the
specific State. The voters have consistently proved their elective
knowledge. The voter has no other qualification to be registered voter
except to cross the age 18 years. There is no educational
qualification or passing of any test to prove his or her capacity to
enforce his or her francise.The individual voter has the liberty to
exercise his right free and fair. But PPP is applied mean he or she
can not exercise his or her right independently.


This habit of PPP will eat away the vitals of democracy. Even in
advanced democracy like USA the elections are very costly , mechanical
, unemotional and directed for a few people to capture power.
President Obama made the election as emotional peoples power for
change. But many of corporate bodies wait for their turn to derail the
democracy as sham and nominal. But India has become an wonder of the
world of democracy because of poor man can be elected if he does
service to the people. People watch him whether he eats the pudding of
the people when he cooks. If he violates the wish and confidence of
the people he or she will not get the choice of the people. If this
dictum is not allowed by utilising the PPP principle only rich man or
corrupt politician will come to power and there will be another Egypt
or Lybia.

Election Commission does the Constitutional mandate:

Election commission has realised the cancerous growth creeping into
the system. As specialised surgeon it does the surgery by “isolation
and removal” procedure to save the democracy . People who want to have
Indian democracy to be alive should join in this effort of the
thousands of officials , Police officers/personnel, to succeed in
this venture for which lakhs of people lost their precious life and
property in freedom struggle.

Dr.E.M.Sudarsana Natchiappan MP


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